How to Breed Peacock Cichlids: Factors and Requirements

Do you love colorful fish? If so, you’ll love the peacock cichlid! These fish are a beautiful addition to any aquarium and are known for their vibrant colors and lively personalities. They’re a relatively easy fish to keep, making them excellent for beginner aquarists.

You can breed peacock cichlids in captivity. The basic steps for producing this fish are to provide a well-fed, healthy aquarium with plenty of plants, cover the aquarium so that the male peacock cichlid can see the female, and let the couple spawn. The female will lay several eggs, which the male will fertilize. The fry will increase in size and color, becoming mature adults within two or three years.

Requirements for Breeding Peacock Cichlids

Caring for peacock cichlids to encourage breeding is simple, but they require some primary care. They should be kept in a well-lit aquarium with plenty of hiding places, as these fish are shy by nature. They are omnivorous and eat various foods, including flakes, pellets, and live foods like shrimp or small fish.

Tank Requirements

To keep these fish healthy and happy for breeding, you will need to set up a specific tank to their needs. The following are some tips on how to set up a tank for a peacock cichlid:

  • Size: A minimum aquarium size of 55-60 gallons is recommended for this fish, but they can survive in larger tanks.
  • Temperature: The temperature should be between 74 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (23 to 26 degrees Celsius), with a pH between 7.5 and 8.5.
  • Water Conditions: The water should be heavily buffered (pH 7.5-8.5) and contain a good amount of ichthyosaur and macroalgae for the fish to eat.
  • Decoration: Some floating plants and java fern or aquatic moss are recommended.


Peacock cichlids are tropical fish that enjoy a lot of plant matter in their diet. They will also eat small invertebrates, but like all cichlids, they will generally eat fish if given the opportunity. These fish are straightforward to care for and can be fed various foods, including flakes, pellets, and live food such as insects and worms. Therefore, it is essential to provide adequate food for these fish, as they can become overate or obese if not supplied with the proper nutrition.

Filter Type

Many types of filters can be used with peacock cichlids, but the most crucial factor is to find a filter that will not block food and water sources. The best filter type for peacock cichlids is a mechanical filter. This type of filter removes particles and debris from the water, providing optimal conditions for these fish. In addition, these filters will help keep the water clean, and they are quiet, so you don’t have to worry about disturbing your fish at night or during feeding time.

Sufficient Oxygenation

When peacock cichlids are not getting enough oxygen, they can start to show signs such as sluggishness and poor appetite. To help these fish get the extra air they need, provide them with an additional air bubbler or fountain. This will help them to breathe easier and improve their overall health.

Aquatic Plants

Peacock cichlids require a lot of plant life in their aquarium to provide them with debris to eat and hiding places from which to hide. A few floating plants will do the trick, but adding java fern or an aquatic moss will provide even more benefits. In addition, java fern, an aquatic moss, can provide food sources for your fish. Java fern will grow quite quickly and help remove uneaten food particles from the water column through flow channeling within their leaf clusters. On top of this, java fern plants have a brilliant green color with reddish undersides that provide an ideal home for various small marine creatures such as amphipods and isopods!

Healthy Breeding Pair

The ideal mix of peacock cichlids for breeding is a mixture of both males and females. Therefore, it is essential to have a good mix of both sexes because this will help to create healthy offspring. It is also necessary to stock the aquarium with a variety of different types and sizes of peacock cichlids so that there is plenty of selection for the fish to choose from when they start looking for a mate. In addition, it is best to have several different tank mates who can help breed out potential predators, such as other cichlids.

How to Spot a Brooding Female?

When you first see a peacock cichlid female, she will sit quietly on her tank’s bottom. She may not be eating or drinking, and she may be looking very stressed out. This is a sign that she is preparing to lay eggs. The next sign that she is ready to breed is when she starts to fan her tail rapidly back and forth. Moreover, she may also begin to open her seat with rapid movements. To determine exactly when she is ready, you have to watch both the male and female cichlids closely! After a pair of peacock cichlid fish mate for about 20 minutes or so, they will soon become restless and begin looking around as though feeling nervous.

How Would You Know if Your Peacock Cichlids Are Spawning?

An excellent way to determine if your peacock cichlid fish are spawning is to look at the water column. The water will turn a light green color, and there may be some white foam on the tank’s surface. Eggs will also be seen floating in the water, and soon after that, hatched fry will start swimming around.