What Do Convict Cichlids Eat: Right Food and Care Guide

Convict cichlids are popular fish species found in many different habitats. They are often sold as a community fish, meaning that they are hardy and friendly enough to live in close quarters with other fish. They are also famous for their colorful and exciting appearances.

Convict cichlids are omnivorous and feed on various food items, including plant matter, plankton, small fish, and even insects. Some of the more common foods that convict cichlids consume include algae, worms, crustaceans, and insects. In addition, some will also eat insect larvae, especially in the summer when they are more readily available and easier to catch.

How Much Food Should You Feed Convict Cichlids?

Like most aquarium inhabitants, convict cichlids are omnivores that require a varied diet to stay healthy and happy. Their dietary needs will vary from species to species and the animals’ condition; they can be overly aggressive (especially when being fed too much) or very picky over their food choice, depending on how it is prepared for them. However, general rules regarding nutrition still apply.

Our suggestion in terms of how much food to feed convict cichlids can be summed up as follows:

  • 1-2 small pinches per meal should be healthy for all species. If you are feeding more than that, we suggest putting it at the bottom half of your bag – this way, they will have access to any leftover scraps and won’t stop eating in favor of going after live foods (and therefore getting their diet all screwed up). If you feed a lot less than that, then provide your convict cichlids more often.

How Often Should You Feed Convict Cichlids?

This depends on species and condition; the average is about two to three times every 2-4 days, as we can tell by looking at scientific studies of these animals that address their food requirements. So please do not overfeed – this will cause problems for you.

So basically, it depends on how much time you are giving the convict cichlids to eat in their tank compared to what they need. Initially, fish will consume more and then adjust (there’s not just a one-size-fits-all), so be prepared for this – providing them large quantities of food items that aren’t necessarily nutritional. Still, they could make your convict cichlid sick or waste away is problematic.

Convict Cichlid Species Overview

Convict cichlids are a type of cichlid that is native to Africa. They are popular aquarium fish and can be found in many different colors and sizes. They are known for their aggressive behavior and ability to eat a wide variety of food. In addition, they are colorful fish that make a great addition to an aquarium.


The convict cichlid is a large fish that can reach up to four to six inches. The body is typically light green or light blue, with a dark stripe running down the middle of its back. The coloration on the fins and around the eyes may vary slightly from individual to individual. Convict cichlids are often very colorful and stand out among other aquarium fish.


Convict cichlids are aggressive fish that can be difficult to handle. They will defend their territory and may attack if they feel threatened. However, once you get to know them, they are usually friendly and easy to care for.


The lifespan of a convict cichlid is typically between eight and ten years, and they are known to live longer than the average fish.

Convict Cichlid Proper Care Guide

Habitat and Tank Conditions

Convict cichlids are typically found in tropical and sub-tropical climates. They require a well-oxygenated tank with plenty of hiding spots and swimming places. Provide them with a good diet of fresh food, and they should be fine. In addition, a tank should have a tight-fitting cover. This will protect them from the many predators and diseases that often infect fish in the wild. Tank Mates When it comes to compatibility, convict cichlids are relatively peaceful with other fish species. Still, they can be aggressive toward each other when kept together for long periods. They tend to do best if they are kept singly or as part of a solitary community aquarium where there is plenty of room to swim.

Tank Set-Up

Your tank should be well-oxygenated and have plenty of hiding places for the cichlids. Provide them with a good diet of fresh food, and they will be fine. A tight-fitting cover is also beneficial in protecting them from predators and diseases.

Suitable Tankmates

Convict cichlids are territorial and will only eat the food offered to them. Therefore, it is vital to have a tank mate compatible with the convict cichlid’s diet. Some foods that a convict cichlid may eat include live insects, flakes, small crustaceans, and algae. In addition, you should also buy captive-bred convict cichlids. These will be more peaceful and do better in captivity than freshly caught fish that have been kept in the same conditions you are using for your tank’s other inhabitants.

Keeping Population Together

You should keep convict cichlids in a solitary aquarium unless they are breeding. If they are producing, you can keep them in multiples but make sure the tank is big enough to allow each fish plenty of room to swim and hide. Ensure the water conditions match your local climate as these fish prefer well-oxygenated waters with ample amounts of hiding spots and swimming areas. In addition, you should also make sure that the tank is well-planted, have good filtration equipment, and use a commercial cichlid salt.

Breeding and Spawning

Breeding convict cichlids is relatively easy. If you keep them in a single tank, put them together and watch the magic happen. If you are using multiple tanks, first make sure that their tanks have plenty of hiding spots and swimming areas. Once these requirements have been met, place each fish in its tank with plenty of room to swim around and hide. Finally, please give them a diet full of fresh food and watch them spawn.

Common Diseases

Convict cichlids are relatively healthy fish, but they can be prone to a few common health problems like all fish. These include mouth and gill injuries from fighting or biting; algal overgrowth (scaly skin, sunken eyes, bad breath); constipation; and Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich). Ich is a disease spread through the water by infected crickets or other small aquatic insects. It is widespread in most freshwater cichlid species and can be distributed without the owner knowing. The good news is that it generally does not affect normal fish health or life expectancy unless water quality standards deteriorate from the point of severe contamination (dilution).