How to Properly Care for a Betta Fish: Tips and Factors

Betta fish are small, colorful fish that can be kept in a variety of aquariums. They are popular as pets and are known for their playful personalities and ability to swim rapidly. Like all fish, bettas require water changes and proper nutrition to thrive. Here are some tips on how to care for a betta.

Tips to Take Care of Betta Fish

Bright red pet beta fish in a bowl with live plant

Aquarium Setup

Betta fish are tropical fish that can be kept in a variety of tanks, but the best tank setup for betta fish is a 10-gallon tank with a gravel substrate and plenty of plants for him to explore. Betta fish need oxygen and water movement to survive, so make sure to provide both by using an air pump and adding a filter. Make sure the water temperature is around 75 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (23 to 26 degrees Celsius), and feed your betta on a regular basis with small live food like insects or crickets.

Aquarium Location

When selecting a location for your aquarium, it is important to consider the size of the tank, as well as the type of fish you are keeping. For tanks up to 10 gallons in size, a location near a window or other light source is ideal. For tanks over 10 gallons, an area with good air circulation and plenty of plants is preferable.

Aquarium Accessories

Betta fish are small, colorful fish that can be kept in a variety of habitats, including water bowls and tanks. Many people keep betta fish in water bowls or tanks, but there are also many accessories available for betta fish owners. Some of these accessories include live plants, hiding places, and bubbling water toys. To provide your betta with the best possible care, make sure to have a variety of plants and decorations in their tank so they can find refuge from the sun and enjoy some privacy. Additionally, make sure the tank is well-lit so your betta can see its surroundings.

Food and Diet

Proper feeding is essential to taking care of these fish. Betta fish feed on live foods such as worms, insects, and small fishes. They can be fed a variety of live foods, but some pet stores offer specialized diets designed for betta fish. It is important to choose a diet that meets the specific needs of your betta fish and to give it regularly. However, if you only feed them live food, they may become bored and stressed. Try feeding them small pieces of meat, vegetables, and fruits as well as some pellets. Change up your betta’s food every week to keep him or her entertained and healthy!

Water Temperature

Betta fish are tropical fish that require a warm water temperature of 75 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (23 to 26 degrees Celsius). In addition, the water should have a high quality and be well-filtered. Betta fish should also have plenty of hiding places and plants to swim in. A good way to provide the ideal temperature is by using a heater. Make sure the heater is placed near the water’s surface so the water temperature remains consistent. A thermometer can be used to monitor the water temperature.

Proper Filtration

Betta fish require good filtration to avoid getting sick. A good way to provide this is by using a filter that removes debris and bad water quality. Change the filter every two weeks or when it begins to become clogged. Additionally, make sure there is a hiding place for your betta in the tank so he or she can relax and avoid being disturbed by other fish or tank decorations.


Betta fish are social creatures and need companionship to thrive. Some of the best choices for a betta fish’s tank mate are other betta fish, small catfish, loaches, and tetras. Betta fish are friendly and can be kept with many other tropical fish species. They should not be kept with aggressive or large fish, as they may become fearful of them. Bettas should also not be mixed with cichlids or other types of predatory fish, as they may attempt to eat the Betta fish.

Tank Maintenance

The best way to care for a betta fish is to keep their tank clean and full of fresh water. You should clean your betta’s tank every week, or as needed. To clean your tank, you will need a small container that can hold at least 5 gallons of water and some aquarium gravel or sand to place in the bottom of the container. Fill the container with warm water and add a teaspoon of salt. Swish the water around in the tank for two minutes, then drain it. Remove any debris from the tank with a net or fish scoop and replace it with fresh water.

Capture the moving moment of siamese fighting fish, Two betta fish isolated on black background

How to Clean Your Tank and Decorations

It is important to keep your tank clean and free of debris to ensure the health and happiness of your betta fish. Follow these easy steps to clean your tank and decorations:

  • Fill a sink with cold water and add a tablespoon of white vinegar. Swish around the bottom of the tank to loosen any built-up dirt, algae, or plant life. Pour the water and vinegar into a spray bottle and use it to clean all surfaces of the tank.
  • Use a soft-bristled brush to scrub all surfaces of the filter media and any decorations in the tank.
  • Empty and rinse out the tank once you’re finished cleaning it, making sure to rinse off all of the vinegar residues.
  • Add a fresh layer of aquarium gravel or sand to the bottom of the tank, then replace all decorations and filter media. Store your cleaned tank in a shady location for two weeks to allow the chlorine to dissipate completely.